Saturday, May 23, 2020

Tobacco Kills One Person Every Six Seconds (Sahil). The

Tobacco kills one person every six seconds (Sahil). The use of tobacco has been around for many years, and it seems only to be getting worse. The human body is affected in an abundance of ways due to the abuse of tobacco products. If individuals would stop the use of tobacco, this would help prevent many diseases, negative health consequences and possibly early death according to their age. Tobacco use is a problem because, it causes numerous health effects on individuals, such as addiction, birth defects, cancer, and diabetes, which can be caused from second hand smoke and physical and mental effects. Smoking causes many adverse effects in individual lives. Our society must keep presenting the facts about the use of tobacco to the†¦show more content†¦Next, another cause to why tobacco is harmful, is because some mothers smoke during pregnancy. When mothers smoke while pregnant, it can cause life threatening issues for their child. A mother that smokes is much more likely to give birth to a child with defects. Congenital heart disease is one of the most popular effects (Banschbach 349). This is a problem because it is not only putting the mother’s life in danger, but it is not giving a baby the chance to be healthy and free from defects; some of these defects could be entirely prevented by not smoking. Not only does smoking cause heart defects, but it also can cause a lack of oxygen and nutrition while the baby is in the womb (Banschbach 349). Banschbach, found that many babies whose mothers smoke, are â€Å"born too early, and have a low birth weight, making it more likely the baby will become sick or die† (349). While these examples are the main effects, babies can also suffer from simpler physical effects such as, a cleft lip or palate. Lastly, one of the most harmful effects to a child due to smoking is the chance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Banschbach 349). Consequently, the use of tobacco is not only harmful to the person consuming it, but it also influences everyone

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Analyzing Organizational Communication Essay - 1495 Words

Analyzing Organizational Communication Communication is extremely important within an organization. To understand work and organizations in todays changing global environment, we must look both at whats going on inside the organization and at the larger culture in which an organization operates (Cheney, Christensen, Zorn, Ganesh 2011, p1). Communication enables an organization to begin a dialogue to create awareness, understanding, and appreciation for the firms strategic goals, ideally resulting in the satisfaction of the interests of both the firm and its environment (Schultz, Hatch, Larsen, Van Riel 2002) . This paper will analyze the communication effectiveness of Chickasaw Nation Industries, Inc. (CNI). CNI is†¦show more content†¦CNIs use of this type of technology allows a collaborative exchange of information between coworkers and gives full participation between the audience and presenter. Yahoo instant messenger is also used within the workspace which allows emp loyees to get immediate feedback from other employees when they are working off site and need support from team members. Blackberry telephones allow the management structure of CNI the ability to be in touch with their production / organizational teams as needed. And the use of webcams allowed the management teams from different geographical areas to communicate virtually face to face. Another valid strength of CNIs management is that they consistently deliver feedback on the performance of their subordinates through quarterly appraisals, specific achievement recognition, and annual appraisals. This type of feedback allows the individual to know what their work is having on other employees, the company, and the customer. Constructive feedback alerts an individual to an area in which his performance could improve. Constructive feedback is not criticism; it is descriptive and should always be directed to the action, not the person. The main purpose of constructive feedback is to help the employees to understand where they stand in relation to expected and / or productive job behavior. Recognition for effective performance is a powerful motivator. MostShow MoreRelatedHistory of Organizational Communication1537 Words   |  7 Pagesof the Field Reflection Paper | What is organizational communication? As a field organizational communication studies exactly what it sounds like the communication in organization. Defining the particulars of this often comes down to the researcher and the perspective that skew their opinions on the field. These subtle differences are why it takes Papa, Daniels and Spiker almost 16 pages to express their definition of their field of study. The organizational experiences of an individual have a hugeRead MoreUnderstanding The Importance Of Corporate Communication1260 Words   |  6 Pages1.0 Understanding the Importance of Corporate Communication: The companies and the organizations communicate through different kinds of channels. All these are defined under corporate communication. Every single types of communication are important for the organization. But before discussing the importance we have to know what corporate communication is. Corporate communication is a combination of different types of activities that are involved to establish a favorable relation between the stakeholderRead MoreFinancial Status Essay789 Words   |  4 Pagesstatus by comparing and analyzing actual results with plans and forecasts. Guides cost analysis process by establishing and enforcing policies and procedures; providing trends and forecasts; explaining processes and techniques; recommending actions. Improves financial status by analyzing results; monitoring variances; identifying trends; recommending actions to management. Reconciles Common Letter of Recommendation page 8 transactions by comparing and correcting data. Analyzing current and past financialRead MoreOrganizational Culture and Structure1134 Words   |  5 Pages â€Æ' Organizational Culture and Structure The structure of an organization determines the allocation of roles, regulations, and responsibilities, and therefore builds a basis for the culture in an organization. There is a constant relationship between organizational structure and organizational culture that provides a theme within an organization. Both can be difficult to clearly define and distinguish when analyzing an organization. Organization culture is a perspectiveRead MoreResearch Question. Where Does Organizational Culture Begin1159 Words   |  5 PagesResearch Question Where does organizational culture begin or end? More specifically, where is this culture deriving from. In organizations, it is unclear where this culture is built from and who is responsible for it? Is it implemented by management, previous management or higher up? And the large ‘who’ question is asked, who determined these values, how are they regulated? Also, asking what is the role of communication in organizational culture? Organizational culture, invisible and often overlookedRead MoreSystems Thinking1469 Words   |  6 PagesSystems Thinking and Organizational Performance Systems Thinking provides a necessary conceptual base and a powerful tool-set for working the most complex issues that confront us as individuals, in teams, or in organization (Systems Thinking Collaborative, 2001, p. 1). Additional, this theory provides ways to view the world as a whole and enables a new level of understanding of why things are as they are. Performance management includes activities to ensure that goals are consistently beingRead Moreorganizational behaviour1261 Words   |  6 Pages Organizational Behavior MG6013 The exploration of the theories, research and practices that allow a better understanding of human behavior in organizations. Topics include motivation and job satisfaction; decision making; group dynamics; work teams; leadership; communication; power, politics and conflict; organization culture, structure and design; impact of technology; management of work stress; organizational change andRead MoreThe Eruption Of Eyjafjallajokull Led Air Travel Restrictions1168 Words   |  5 PagesStrategic Organizational Redesign The eruption of Eyjafjallajokull led to air travel restrictions, which caused many financial and logistical problems for dependents of the travel industry. Monetary losses and a decrease in customer satisfaction threatened businesses, especially those in the commercial courier service industries. Analyzing the impacts on business, protecting assets, managing customer expectations, and forming new partnerships will assist the organization in overcoming this environmentalRead MoreTechnology Effect on Communication Essay816 Words   |  4 PagesThe approach of communication has changed a lot due to technology. Technology has helped shy individuals pursue more friendships leading to more communication. â€Å"A considerable (48%) of young adults in Western societies report shyness; thus, large numbers of people experience fear and avoidance of face-to-face communication, which affects their lives in many ways† (Lynne Keaten, 2007, p. 350). These new ways of communication due t o technology has assisted these shy individuals in entering the worldRead MoreLeadership Analysis As An Art Is Critical In The Development1286 Words   |  6 Pagesnon-bias analysis and overall conclusion on the state of leadership. Research has come up with various theoretical models that purpose to sharpen the leadership skills among the employees (Neck and Manz, 2016). The analytical tool is critical in organizational activities as it improves the effectiveness of the leadership roles. The paper will utilize one leadership theory that has played a vital role in the management of various institutions. The leadership strategy serves to identify the individual

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Peer Pressure, A Silent Destroyer Free Essays

When people make an assessment of a teaching institution, the usual statistics will show its population size, its average success rate relative to the next high school or next university, and matters relate d to funding and facility. It is due to this that a main problem which I believe has an actual direct effect on the teaching learning capability institution is missed out on. This problem would mean great impact on the learning curve and capacity of the student to focus and maximize the facilities given by the institution no matter how good they may be. We will write a custom essay sample on Peer Pressure, A Silent Destroyer or any similar topic only for you Order Now In common terms, we call it peer pressure. I believe in fact that it is because this is so common an experience that people may downplay its actual effect on a student or turn a blind eye to what it can do. In my own experience through earlier years I stood witness to this. It could be something as simple as people being pushed around in the hallway because their growth spurt was late and they were shorter than everyone else. Or, people being teased because their pants were too short or their clothes didn’t match. These issues seem childish and light, however considering the emotional makeup of a growing child or adolescent at this point, these can birth insecurities that scar one’s capacity to bloom later on. Are these incidents common? Absolutely. In fact, it is because they are common that they are missed out on. Schools will focus on building a new gym, or increasing the number of books to be read, or fine tuning the arithmetic and language curriculum. Now, don’t get me wrong. These things are very important in the quality of the individual. However, the school’s output is only one side of the coin. The other side lies in a student’s capability to absorb and focus on the lesson at hand. How can a young individual give his or her best output into utilizing these tools, if he knows that once he steps of the classroom, the bullies will be pushing him against the locker, or the popular girls just might make fun of her again? Call it a seeming minor detail, but to a student in the growing year, â€Å"fitting in† and â€Å"belonging† can mean everything and certainly much more than a high grade. In my own school environment, my experience was the same. Friends of mine were subject to the similar treatment. It was hard to look at, but then, the feeling at the time was that there was nothing anyone could do about it. I can only imagine how much better they would have done in school if they didn’t have to worry about these things. I’ve seen these things happen in my own world with my own eyes. I’m sure others have as well. In the newspaper or nighttime updates, every now and then we hear stories about a new student killed by fraternity hazing, or a student with a gun in school. The common reaction would be to turn away and say, â€Å"oh that wouldn’t happen in my school. † Or â€Å"gosh, it so dangerous, but good thing it’s not in the area of my kids†. Really, would that be the same mindset of the parents and students who actually were part of the school community where the event occurred? Looking at online forums on peer pressure, various responses of how the youth today is affected are expressed, particularly the girls. Heavy alcohol drinking, smoking, taking drugs and underage sexual activity are now very widespread in the youth whether or not we agree to believe it, simply because of this desire to be accepted. Conversations among them lie more on what the next person has done or not done, rather than on planning for the future. Many of them will be at parties getting drunk where it is played off as cool. Smoking and drug use are rampant as well. Even the pressure of having sex has grown over years, despite the media’s exposed risk of unwanted pregnancies or STD’s. Friends say it is â€Å"no big deal† and talk about it as if it was just sipping a cup of tea, and a requirement to be â€Å"normal†. So many of these issues circle the mind of a student, remain unaddressed, and cloud the student’s mind from focusing on what should be the priority at the time. It is true that school facilities are important, however equally needed, is helping the students of today actually focus on using the school to create more of a future for themselves. The question remains though on how this problem can be addressed. True, it will not be an easy task, but if at all an attempt can be made to give students guidance and support during these hears of change, then at least some of them can be given the motivation to go against the grain and not succumb to the whims of peer pressure. Friends are diaries to which we can share and unburden all of our secrets and emotions into. They can be wise and a strong pillar of strength, while at the same time can be sources of wrong influence. If a school can create a positive working environment and encourage right experiences and friendships, this would be a tool to help. Family is another factor. For some who have good relationships with family, allowing interaction with them can provide the child to open up and reach out. For those whose families become unbearable, then it basically remains in letting the student have someone to talk to, chat with and trust, and ensuring such person is one who is understanding and capable of meeting the child at his level, whether it be a counselor, coach or friend. The problem does not lie on morals or lessons as these which are instilled in us in earlier youth remain there. The problem is that these very principles that we have prided ourselves in and held on to no longer empower us, as they are overshadowed by the need to ‘fit in’. And as this need grows, then our mind is pushed away from focusing on what matter at the time, namely, studies and improvement of one’s skills for the future. I am thankful that somehow I made it through those years and continually make the effort to grow. My only hope is that children of the future can be given more support, that they may surpass these obstacles with more grace than many of my friends did, and focus earlier on working on their goals and dreams for their future. How to cite Peer Pressure, A Silent Destroyer, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Introduction To Informatics

Question: Discuss about theIntroduction To Informatics. Answer: Introduction Informatics basically consists of computer information systems. This system tends to make interaction between human and information. By its own conceptual and theoretical foundation helps many other foundations in the field. Many years ago this culture of information was first developed by managing information from the science library which promotes the relationship between science and information (Borghi and Karapapa, 2013). This information is very much helpful for health informatics development. Informatics is a scientific discipline which tends to investigate the structure and the properties of information which deals with science. Informatics regulates the scientific information according to its history, methodology etc. Organizational informatics is one of the most important applications of informatics. The business informatics was first developed in Germany. The business informatics consists of several techniques in computer science. The tools must act as a key factor because the tools must help to answer the questions that are asked by the organization. The benefit of using these advanced tools is that it might be actionable for sometimes. The analysis can only be successful unless and until the tools are well defined. There should be proper awareness among the stake holder as well as the board member that proper use of tools may take time. The analytical tools aim for the proper methodical balance approach (Bu?low, Ahmon and Spencer, 2011). The strategic analysis tool knows that which analytical tool is more suitable to the given objectives of the analysis. The SWOT analysis is a common strategic tool which helps to understand the strength and weaknesses that are involved in the project or business activity. The analysis helps to understand the external and internal factors of the business activity by the defining the objective of the project. The most important part of the analysis is that it helps to achieve the desired goal of the business activity. IT creates political economic and social cultural opportunities to the business organization. This analysis helps to find the current gaps so that the business organization can develop in a better way (Digitization, 2007). IT also protects us from threat which is unfavorable to the business activity. One of the important strategic analyses is Porters five forces. This analysis is developed in 1979 by Michael E. Porter. This analysis increases the competitive strength of the business organization as well as it changes the position of business organization. The porter theory is based on five forces which tend to determine the intensity of competition and attractiveness of the market (Hannah, Ball and Edwards, 2006). By the help of this analysis we can understand the current position of the organization and strength in the market. Porters forces are also used by business organization to know that the new product is profitable or not. If someon e can identify the power and where it lies then this theory an also be used to identify the strength. Identifying the strength improve the weakness of the of the business organization which led to avoid mistakes in future. The Porters five forces are Supplier power- This shows that how easy the supplier increase the price of the product. The whole market is dominated by few suppliers. There is no substitute for any product in the market. The customers for the particular product are low so that the bargaining power is also low (Lerch, 2012). The cost switching from supplier to another supplier might be higher. Buyer power- The buyer power shows how easy is for buyers to drive the price low. It is the ability of the customers how much under pressure they can put the firm to make reduce in price. The buyer power can only be high when there is many alternative in the market. This means the availability of substitute product is the main factor. Competitive rivalry- The main factor is the number of competitor in the market. Every seller is selling different type of goods which might reduce the market attractiveness. Threat of substitution- Availability of same products reduces the power of seller. On the other hand it also reduced the attractiveness of the market (Mackenzie Owen, 2007). This happens because the customer is getting many substitute products in the market. Threat of new entry- Profitable market attracts new sellers but the seller of the market does not allow them because entry of new seller might hamper their business. Entry of new members in the market might switch cost of the goods. The effect of strategic alignment in the business activity is much affective. The strategic alignment enhances the performance of the business organization. The organization will perform better when they will understand the purpose of the work (Middleton, 2005). So strategic alignment helps the business organization to run the business properly, so that they can meet their respective goals. On the other side the lack of strategic alignment may led to failure of the business organization. Often some business organization loses their track because they do not know their purpose of their business. Thus strategic alignment helps the business organization to plan their purpose in a proper way. The customer centered objectives might lack in coordination in the business organization which make the organization misaligned (Mugridge, 2006). That means the strategic goals and organization culture might lose its position from the business. A companys strategic alignment. The strategic alignment helps to increase the operation margins in the IT business. The alignment helps the employees to understand the desired goals so that they can understand their work. Once when the employees understand their task they start working according to the given direction. This make the work flow more efficient and it also creates coordination among the workers. By the help of strategic alignment smart goals are created in the IT business. The IT sectors runs on the desired goals. As in every IT company desired goals are created. The strategic alignment helps in proper execution of company strategy. The alignment helps to focus on the employees as well as on their jobs. To achieve goals in the IT business one should clearly have knowledge on the communication strategic business objectives; because the entire business is depend on the communication. Leading indicators are predictive in nature. They tend to change the communicative skills in the nature. The leading indicators predict the futu re financial trends of the business (Robinson and Bauer, 2011). On the other hand lagging indicators follows the normal way as it changes when there is change in the economic factor. Leading indicator is much preferable because it show the future indication of the financial status of the company. IF they can predict their position it will easier for the employees to do their jobs. Managing data is not a new problem in any business organization. Every business organization cannot keep the data clean because it is not possible to record single data every time. Due to data control policies these messes are created. So a proper establishment is needed for data management. The office administrator should decide whether to add sales in the data management or not. A master data base should be created if the business has multiple databases. Many times the manager gets confused which database should be uploaded. So creating a master database can solve the problem. If we create data map it will be easier to find every data because the data loads every data from input to output. Data map should be updated with regular transaction. The data management helps in data segmenting. IN IT sectors there is need of data management because in IT business there is need of immediate availability of information. The document o the company should in order as because the government at first raids on the IT companies. Managing an IT sector requires proper alignment between data management and technology requirement (Tsai, 2007). This shows the analytical business organizationshould be goal oriented and data management should support this type of business so that they can meet their desired goals. The business organization should adopt both web 2.0 and web 3.0 because these are the next step for gaining information. Web 2.0 is important because it made life easier. By the help of web 2.0 many user produce idea and gets ideas. The users of web 2.0 are no more consumers they also became producer as well as co-producer. The search engine of web 2.0 is more advanced which led to high profit to many IT business organization. Web 3.0 by the help machines intelligence combines web 1.0 and web 2.0. The main importance of web 3.0 is that it can unite users and computer to solve any problem. Due to its high added value the web 3.0 can bring service sand product to the people. Every business environment should be dynamic. But there are some reasons which restrict them in some cases. Due to change in political, social and economic factors this threats are created. Unfaultable market shift is created or changes in technology take place. It also affects the economy by disturbing the level of demands. The threats are created in capital market which led to dissatisfaction towards the companys failure. The threat may create change in structure of the labor market that may influence the trade unions and cautious can be created. Conclusion From the above case study we can conclude that the main purpose of informatics is technology which will take the developing interactions between the human and information. There is still some issue which is needed to be solved. New technologies should be developed to reduce the threats in the market (Yatsko, 2015). Computer system is nowadays is a vital part of human life. References Borghi, M. and Karapapa, S. (2013). Copyright and mass digitization. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Bulow, A., Ahmon, J. and Spencer, R. (2011). Preparing collections for digitization. London: Facet Publishing, in association with the National Archives. Digitization. (2007). [Washington]: [D.C.]. Hannah, K., Ball, M. and Edwards, M. (2006). Introduction to nursing informatics. New York: Springer. Lerch, A. (2012). An introduction to audio content analysis. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Mackenzie Owen, J. (2007). The scientific article in the age of digitization. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. Middleton, K. (2005). Collaborative digitization programs. Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub. Mugridge, R. (2006). Managing digitization activities. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries. Robinson, P. and Bauer, S. (2011). Introduction to bio-ontologies. Boca Raton: Taylor Francis. Tsai, C. (2007). Biomacromolecules. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Liss. Yatsko, A. (2015). Insight into theoretical and applied informatics. [Place of publication not identified]: De Gruyter Open.

Monday, March 23, 2020

Capital Punishment Essays (4026 words) - Penology,

Capital Punishment Why Capital Punishment Should be Abolished Unlike popular belief, the death penalty does not act as a deterrent to criminals. As stated by Alfred Blumstein, Expert after expert and study after study has shown the lack of correlation between the treat of the death penalty and the occurrence of violent crimes. (Blumstein 68) Isaac Ehrlich's study on the limiting effects of capital punishment in America reveals this to the public. The study spans twenty-five years, from 1957 till 1982, and shows that in the first year the study was conducted, there were 8060 murders and 6 executions. However, in the last year of the study there were 22,520 murders committed and only 1 execution performed. (Blumstein 54) This clearly shows that many violent criminals are not afraid of the capital punishment. Abolitionists believe the offenders should be required to compensate the victim's family with the offender's own income from employment or community service. There is no doubt that someone can do more alive than dead. By working, the criminal inadvert-ently pays back society and also their victim and/or victim's family. There is no reason for the criminal to receive any compensation for the work they do, because money is of no jail time. This could be considered a form of slavery to some, but it is no different from the days of being sent to the yard to break stone. One of the most well-known examples of the criminal contributing to the betterment of society is the case Leopld and Loeb. They were nineteen years old when they committed The Crime of the Century. In 1924, they kidnapped and murdered a fourteen-year-old boy just to see how it would feel to kill someone. They were both spared the death penalty and sentenced to life imprisonment. (Bedau 78) Together their accomplishments included working in hospitals, teaching the illiterate how to read, creating a correspondence school, writing a grammar book, and making significant developments in the World War II Malaria Project.(Bedau 193) An inestimable amount of people were directly helped by Leopold and Loeb, Both of tem made a conscious commitment to atone their crimes by serving others.(Bedau 217) The most widely used form of execution has been electrocution. With this method of executing a prisoner, the individual is strapped to a chair along with electrodes attached all over the body. The executioner then proceeds to throw the switch sending vast amounts of electricity flowing throughout the prisoner. During this period, the prisoners flesh burns and the body shakes violently from the overdose of electricity. When it is all over, smoke is often seen coming from the head of the corpse. (Ernest Van den Haag 135) Officials often defend this punishment as not being cruel and unusual, but how can they defend the opinion in the case of John Evans who was executed by electrocution in 1983? According to witnesses at the scene of the death of Mr. Evans, he was given three charges of electricity over a period of fourteen minutes. After the first and second charges, Mr. Evans was still conscious and smoke was coming from all over his body, as a result from his flesh burning. An official at the prison even tries to stop the execution on account of it being cruel punishment, but the man was unsuccessful. Witnesses later called the whole incident a barbaric ritual. (Haag 221) Another method of execution is the gas chamber; during this procedure a prisoner is put in a closed chamber and forced to inhale lethal fumes from a sulfuric acid and a cyanide chemical reaction. (Haag 243) According to a statement given by the U.S. Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens concerning the 1992 execution of Donald Harding, there did not seem to be any civilized aspect of the gas chamber method of executing prisoners. (Haag 259) According to the report, Harding tried to hold his breath inside the chamber. When he finally began to take in fumes, his body started going into convulsions and the muscles and veins under his skin were twitching in a wave-like motion. This execution took over eight minutes to complete, and Mr. Harding was writhing in pain for most of the time. According to officials, Harding did not fall

Friday, March 6, 2020

Dental Receptionist English Dialogue

Dental Receptionist English Dialogue Dental receptionists take care of administrative tasks such as scheduling appointments and checking in patients. They answer telephone calls and do paperwork such as sending out reminders to patients of appointment dates. In this dialogue, you will practice the role of a patient who is returning for a yearly dental appointment. Checking-In With the Dental Receptionist Sam: Good morning. I have an appointment with Dr. Peterson at 10.30.Receptionist: Good morning, can I have your name, please? Sam: Yes, its Sam Waters.Receptionist: Yes, Mr. Waters. Is this the first time youve seen Dr. Peterson? Sam: No, I had my teeth cleaned and checked last year.Receptionist: OK, just a moment, Ill get your chart. Receptionist: Have you had any other dental work done during the past year?Sam: No, I havent.   Receptionist: Have you flossed regularly?  Sam: Of course! I floss twice a day and use a water-pick.   Receptionist: I see you have a few fillings. Have you had any trouble with them?Sam: No, I dont think so. Oh, I changed my insurance. Heres my new provider card.Receptionist: Thank you. Is there anything in particular youd like the dentist to check today? Sam: Well, yes. Ive been having some gum pain recently.Receptionist: Alright, Ill make a note of that. Sam: ... and Id like to have my teeth cleaned as well.Receptionist: Of course, Mr. Waters, thatll be part of todays dental hygiene. Sam: Oh, yes, of course. Will I have x-rays taken?Receptionist: Yes, the dentist likes to take x-rays every year. However, if youd prefer not to have x-rays, you can opt out. Sam: No, thats alright. Id like to make sure everything is OK.Receptionist: Great. Please have a seat and the Dr. Peterson will be with you momentarily. (After the appointment) Receptionist: Well need to schedule an appointment to come in for the fillings you need?Sam: OK. Do you have any openings next week? Receptionist: Lets see... How about next Thursday morning?Sam: Im afraid I have a meeting.   Receptionist: How about two weeks from today?Sam: Yes, that sounds good. What time? Receptionist: Can you come at 10 oclock in the morning?Sam: Yes. Lets do that.   Receptionist: Perfect, well see you on Tuesday, March 10th at 10 oclock.Sam: Thank you.   Key Vocabulary appointmentchartcheck-updental hygieneflossgum paingumsinsuranceprovider cardto clean teethto opt outto schedule an appointmentx-ray

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Raising Low HDL Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Raising Low HDL - Essay Example The pathological picture in an atherosclerotic lesion suggests accumulation of LDL and its oxidation in the vascular subendothelial space, where monocytes from the circulation enter to initiate an inflammatory reaction that would lead eventually to atheroma formation. Research has also demonstrated that monocyte entry occurs at the sites of LDL peroxidation, suggesting that oxidation is the cause of monocytes entry. Research has also shown that HDL apoA-I and apoA-I mimetic peptides have been shown to prevent LDL oxidation. Moreover, HDL apoA-I and apoA-I mimetic peptides have been shown to decrease atherosclerotic lesions and improve vascular reactivity in humans. Regarding its mechanism of action in producing beneficial effects against atherogenesis, studies have suggested that HDL enhances the reverse cholesterol transport. Over the top of it, apoA-I is also capable of scavenging the seeding molecules from LDL, thus preventing the LDL-derived phospholipid oxidation and the inflamm atory response out of the byproducts. Thus, clinical managements directed towards improving the HDL cholesterols in the body could result in a therapeutic option of prophylactic potential in persons who are prone to atherosclerosis due to lifestyle reasons of high cholesterol and high triglycerides (Navab, M et al., 2004). Consequently, there are many therapeutic options available to enhance the HDL in human beings, and they are Fibrates, Niacin, and recently Fish oils containing omega-3 fatty acids. All of them are recommended; however, given the volume of evidence, it is very difficult to create a guideline for the patients. This work intends to critically review contemporary literature to compare the findings so a single agent can be chosen based on evidence in order to raise the HDL levels in blood. Fibrates: While statins are regarded as therapeutic cornerstones in dyslipidemia, they are ineffective because they have proven efficacy in reducing the plasma levels of LDL-C. However, they are incompetent is reducing the elevated concentrations of triglyceride rich lipoproteins, VLDL and VLDL remnants, and they have minimal actions in increasing the low levels of HDL-C that are protective. Fibrates have been observed to "reduce plasma levels of triglycerides by 30-50% and typically increase levels of HDL-C by 5-15%, depending on lipid phenotype and baseline concentration. Fibrates may also reduce LDL-C potentially by up to 15-20% although the effect is variable, depending on the underlying lipid abnormality and baseline lipid phenotype "(Chapman, MJ., 2006). This indicates individuals treated with Fibrates, levels of LDL would decrease when their plasma concentrations are elevated and HDL-C levels will increase when baseline plasma concentrations are low. Moreover, it efficiently r educes apoIII-C containing lipid particles which are acknowledged to be markers of increased risks for atherogenesis. The increased HDL levels following Fibrates are generally reflected by increased plasma levels of apoA-I and apoA-II. The Fibrates act via activation of a nuclear transcription factor PPAR in vascular tissues that actively metabolize lipids. This can be used for both primary prevention and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease with demonstrably significant decrease in the rates of