Tuesday, August 25, 2020
A Prayer for Owen Meany In writing of critical standing, no demonstration of brutality is executed without reason. For a story to be real in the zone of fine writing brutality can't be utilized in a wanton way. In John IrvingÃ¢â¬â¢s present day exemplary, A Prayer for Owen Meany the crowd is confronted with numerous scenes of solid viciousness however brutality is never utilized without reason. The entirety of the vicious demonstrations portrayed in the novel are absolutely essential for the characters and the plot to create. This plot-required savagery can be found in the novelÃ¢â¬â¢s first part when Owen unintentionally slaughters JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s mother and in the novelÃ¢â¬â¢s last section when John relates OwenÃ¢â¬â¢s twisted, while brave, demise to the crowd. The savagery that is appeared in this novel is utilized in such a determined way, that it leaves an incredible impact on the crowd. In Chapter one, the storyteller clearly relates his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s passing to the crowd, clarifying the thinking behind this measure of detail with the announcement, Ã¢â¬Å"Your memory is a beast; you overlook it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t.Ã¢â¬ The creator fastidiously records each tactile improvement he got at the times paving the way to and following his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s demise; showing how this occasion significantly modified the course of his young life. Another case of the definite memory the storyteller relates in this part of the novel is found in the section, Ã¢â¬Å"Later, I would recollect everything. In returning to the location of my Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ &...
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Imprisonment of Marine Mammals The worry that is being introduced is that of whether we ought to permit marine parks to remain open has been broadly bantered in our locale generally. It is a noteworthy issue because of the way that it concerns profound situated good and financial inquiries regarding the usage of our local natural life. There have been a broad scope of various contentions being pushed to the bleeding edge about this issue. We will compose a custom exposition test on Bondage of Marine Mammals or then again any comparative subject just for you Request Now In this exposition, the contentions will be considered of that for having marine stops and point to a portion of the issues with these perspectives. A while later, reasons will be advanced for the presentation of guidelines which forbid these inappropriate and vindictive establishments to be in presence. It has been contended that dolphin parks give the main possibility to a significant part of the general population to see marine warm blooded creatures. It is contended that most Australians live in urban areas and in no way, shape or form get the chance to see these creatures. The case is that marine parks offer the Australians the chance to genuinely value our untamed life. Nonetheless, dolphins, whales and seals can be seen in the wild at numeral places on the shore of Australia. Actually, there are much more places where they can be found in the wild contrasted with those in which they can be found in bondage. Besides, most Australians would need to persevere through less travel to get to these areas than they would to get to the marine stops on the Gold Coast. Additionally, places where wild marine well evolved creatures are found don't charge an expanded section expense; these spots are allowed to people in general. It is discussed that we need marine parks for logical research and the information which is gotten, can be helpful for making arrangements for the protection of marine warm blooded animal species. Be that as it may, park explore is just helpful for understanding detained creatures and isn't productive for training about creatures in their characteristic living space. The science of dolphins and whales differs under marine park conditions. This affects their eating routine, life ranges and they are likewise increasingly inclined to illness in this condition. Likewise, marine well evolved creatures in dolphin parks are prepared and have their conduct altered, which implies that their examples of social conduct are changed. In this way the exploration that is directed at marine parks is regularly not trustworthy. The dispute marine parks draw in a great deal of remote vacationers, which proceeds to stress that these visitors waste a ton of cash, raising our outside trade salary and enhancing our national equalization of installments. Notwithstanding, remote visitors would at present be pulled in to visit Australia whether these offices were open or not. It is appeared in various overviews led of abroad visitors show that they come here for an assortment of different reasons and not to visit places like SeaWorld. Visitors come here to see our local untamed life in its normal environment and not to see it detained in confines and concrete pools. They can see those kinds of things without leaving their own nation. Moreover; we ought to be progressively worried about the advancement of our lovely indigenous habitat to visitors and not the terrible solid marine park scenes. The across the board employments of marine well evolved creature parks are out and out pitiless. The circumstance wherein dolphins and whales are kept in these parks are little, squeezed lakes, when in the wild they are accustomed to meandering extended separations over the oceans. Besides, the solid dividers of the pools make an obstruction with the animalsÃ¢â¬â¢ sonar frameworks of correspondence. Also, holding them hostage in pools is a shocking imperative of the opportunity of individual animals that may have extremely raised degrees of insight and advanced language bent. Additionally, there are many recognized occasions of marine warm blooded animals helping people who are in peril adrift or helping angler with their work. The end goes to the way that these parks ought to be closed down, or at any rate, no new species ought to be caught for marine stops later on. Our general public is not, at this point arranged to endure inappropriate mercilessness to creatures for science and diversion. On the off chance that we continue with our past wrongdoings against these animals we will always be recognized as brutal and barbaric by the ages of things to come. Instructions to refer to Captivity of Marine Mammals, Essay models
Monday, August 10, 2020
The Time Between Midterms Hello, everyone! I hope this busy time of the semester, otherwise known as midterm season, is treating you well. Right now, Im between midterms, and it is kind of nice to have a break from taking exams. This has given me time to make sure I stay on top of other things, have some time to enjoy myself, and still make sure to keep up with regular studying and assignments. Last week, my parents and Nana came to visit me, and I was thrilled to see them, enjoy their company, and show them a bit of my life here at Illinois. Even though I know things are busy, I try to focus on what I have to look forward to. For instance, next week I get to go to Curtis Orchard! I remember really loving it there when I went two years ago, so Im super exited to go back! Sarah Class of 2018 I'm from Grand Rapids, Michigan. I'm majoring in Communication in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Tobacco kills one person every six seconds (Sahil). The use of tobacco has been around for many years, and it seems only to be getting worse. The human body is affected in an abundance of ways due to the abuse of tobacco products. If individuals would stop the use of tobacco, this would help prevent many diseases, negative health consequences and possibly early death according to their age. Tobacco use is a problem because, it causes numerous health effects on individuals, such as addiction, birth defects, cancer, and diabetes, which can be caused from second hand smoke and physical and mental effects. Smoking causes many adverse effects in individual lives. Our society must keep presenting the facts about the use of tobacco to theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Next, another cause to why tobacco is harmful, is because some mothers smoke during pregnancy. When mothers smoke while pregnant, it can cause life threatening issues for their child. A mother that smokes is much more likely to give birth to a child with defects. Congenital heart disease is one of the most popular effects (Banschbach 349). This is a problem because it is not only putting the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s life in danger, but it is not giving a baby the chance to be healthy and free from defects; some of these defects could be entirely prevented by not smoking. Not only does smoking cause heart defects, but it also can cause a lack of oxygen and nutrition while the baby is in the womb (Banschbach 349). Banschbach, found that many babies whose mothers smoke, are Ã¢â¬Å"born too early, and have a low birth weight, making it more likely the baby will become sick or dieÃ¢â¬ (349). While these examples are the main effects, babies can also suffer from simpler physical effects such as, a cleft lip or palate. Lastly, one of the most harmful effects to a child due to smoking is the chance of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (Banschbach 349). Consequently, the use of tobacco is not only harmful to the person consuming it, but it also influences everyone
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Analyzing Organizational Communication Communication is extremely important within an organization. To understand work and organizations in todays changing global environment, we must look both at whats going on inside the organization and at the larger culture in which an organization operates (Cheney, Christensen, Zorn, Ganesh 2011, p1). Communication enables an organization to begin a dialogue to create awareness, understanding, and appreciation for the firms strategic goals, ideally resulting in the satisfaction of the interests of both the firm and its environment (Schultz, Hatch, Larsen, Van Riel 2002) . This paper will analyze the communication effectiveness of Chickasaw Nation Industries, Inc. (CNI). CNI isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦CNIs use of this type of technology allows a collaborative exchange of information between coworkers and gives full participation between the audience and presenter. Yahoo instant messenger is also used within the workspace which allows emp loyees to get immediate feedback from other employees when they are working off site and need support from team members. Blackberry telephones allow the management structure of CNI the ability to be in touch with their production / organizational teams as needed. And the use of webcams allowed the management teams from different geographical areas to communicate virtually face to face. Another valid strength of CNIs management is that they consistently deliver feedback on the performance of their subordinates through quarterly appraisals, specific achievement recognition, and annual appraisals. This type of feedback allows the individual to know what their work is having on other employees, the company, and the customer. Constructive feedback alerts an individual to an area in which his performance could improve. Constructive feedback is not criticism; it is descriptive and should always be directed to the action, not the person. The main purpose of constructive feedback is to help the employees to understand where they stand in relation to expected and / or productive job behavior. Recognition for effective performance is a powerful motivator. MostShow MoreRelatedHistory of Organizational Communication1537 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof the Field Reflection Paper | What is organizational communication? As a field organizational communication studies exactly what it sounds like the communication in organization. Defining the particulars of this often comes down to the researcher and the perspective that skew their opinions on the field. These subtle differences are why it takes Papa, Daniels and Spiker almost 16 pages to express their definition of their field of study. The organizational experiences of an individual have a hugeRead MoreUnderstanding The Importance Of Corporate Communication1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1.0 Understanding the Importance of Corporate Communication: The companies and the organizations communicate through different kinds of channels. All these are defined under corporate communication. Every single types of communication are important for the organization. But before discussing the importance we have to know what corporate communication is. Corporate communication is a combination of different types of activities that are involved to establish a favorable relation between the stakeholderRead MoreFinancial Status Essay789 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstatus by comparing and analyzing actual results with plans and forecasts. Guides cost analysis process by establishing and enforcing policies and procedures; providing trends and forecasts; explaining processes and techniques; recommending actions. Improves financial status by analyzing results; monitoring variances; identifying trends; recommending actions to management. Reconciles Common Letter of Recommendation page 8 transactions by comparing and correcting data. Analyzing current and past financialRead MoreOrganizational Culture and Structure1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Ã¢â¬Æ' Organizational Culture and Structure The structure of an organization determines the allocation of roles, regulations, and responsibilities, and therefore builds a basis for the culture in an organization. There is a constant relationship between organizational structure and organizational culture that provides a theme within an organization. Both can be difficult to clearly define and distinguish when analyzing an organization. Organization culture is a perspectiveRead MoreResearch Question. Where Does Organizational Culture Begin1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesResearch Question Where does organizational culture begin or end? More specifically, where is this culture deriving from. In organizations, it is unclear where this culture is built from and who is responsible for it? Is it implemented by management, previous management or higher up? And the large Ã¢â¬ËwhoÃ¢â¬â¢ question is asked, who determined these values, how are they regulated? Also, asking what is the role of communication in organizational culture? Organizational culture, invisible and often overlookedRead MoreSystems Thinking1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSystems Thinking and Organizational Performance Systems Thinking provides a necessary conceptual base and a powerful tool-set for working the most complex issues that confront us as individuals, in teams, or in organization (Systems Thinking Collaborative, 2001, p. 1). Additional, this theory provides ways to view the world as a whole and enables a new level of understanding of why things are as they are. Performance management includes activities to ensure that goals are consistently beingRead Moreorganizational behaviour1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Organizational Behavior MG6013 The exploration of the theories, research and practices that allow a better understanding of human behavior in organizations. Topics include motivation and job satisfaction; decision making; group dynamics; work teams; leadership; communication; power, politics and conflict; organization culture, structure and design; impact of technology; management of work stress; organizational change andRead MoreThe Eruption Of Eyjafjallajokull Led Air Travel Restrictions1168 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStrategic Organizational Redesign The eruption of Eyjafjallajokull led to air travel restrictions, which caused many financial and logistical problems for dependents of the travel industry. Monetary losses and a decrease in customer satisfaction threatened businesses, especially those in the commercial courier service industries. Analyzing the impacts on business, protecting assets, managing customer expectations, and forming new partnerships will assist the organization in overcoming this environmentalRead MoreTechnology Effect on Communication Essay816 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe approach of communication has changed a lot due to technology. Technology has helped shy individuals pursue more friendships leading to more communication. Ã¢â¬Å"A considerable (48%) of young adults in Western societies report shyness; thus, large numbers of people experience fear and avoidance of face-to-face communication, which affects their lives in many waysÃ¢â¬ (Lynne Keaten, 2007, p. 350). These new ways of communication due t o technology has assisted these shy individuals in entering the worldRead MoreLeadership Analysis As An Art Is Critical In The Development1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnon-bias analysis and overall conclusion on the state of leadership. Research has come up with various theoretical models that purpose to sharpen the leadership skills among the employees (Neck and Manz, 2016). The analytical tool is critical in organizational activities as it improves the effectiveness of the leadership roles. The paper will utilize one leadership theory that has played a vital role in the management of various institutions. The leadership strategy serves to identify the individual
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
When people make an assessment of a teaching institution, the usual statistics will show its population size, its average success rate relative to the next high school or next university, and matters relate d to funding and facility. It is due to this that a main problem which I believe has an actual direct effect on the teaching learning capability institution is missed out on. This problem would mean great impact on the learning curve and capacity of the student to focus and maximize the facilities given by the institution no matter how good they may be. We will write a custom essay sample on Peer Pressure, A Silent Destroyer or any similar topic only for you Order Now In common terms, we call it peer pressure. I believe in fact that it is because this is so common an experience that people may downplay its actual effect on a student or turn a blind eye to what it can do. In my own experience through earlier years I stood witness to this. It could be something as simple as people being pushed around in the hallway because their growth spurt was late and they were shorter than everyone else. Or, people being teased because their pants were too short or their clothes didnÃ¢â¬â¢t match. These issues seem childish and light, however considering the emotional makeup of a growing child or adolescent at this point, these can birth insecurities that scar oneÃ¢â¬â¢s capacity to bloom later on. Are these incidents common? Absolutely. In fact, it is because they are common that they are missed out on. Schools will focus on building a new gym, or increasing the number of books to be read, or fine tuning the arithmetic and language curriculum. Now, donÃ¢â¬â¢t get me wrong. These things are very important in the quality of the individual. However, the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s output is only one side of the coin. The other side lies in a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s capability to absorb and focus on the lesson at hand. How can a young individual give his or her best output into utilizing these tools, if he knows that once he steps of the classroom, the bullies will be pushing him against the locker, or the popular girls just might make fun of her again? Call it a seeming minor detail, but to a student in the growing year, Ã¢â¬Å"fitting inÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"belongingÃ¢â¬ can mean everything and certainly much more than a high grade. In my own school environment, my experience was the same. Friends of mine were subject to the similar treatment. It was hard to look at, but then, the feeling at the time was that there was nothing anyone could do about it. I can only imagine how much better they would have done in school if they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about these things. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen these things happen in my own world with my own eyes. IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure others have as well. In the newspaper or nighttime updates, every now and then we hear stories about a new student killed by fraternity hazing, or a student with a gun in school. The common reaction would be to turn away and say, Ã¢â¬Å"oh that wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t happen in my school. Ã¢â¬ Or Ã¢â¬Å"gosh, it so dangerous, but good thing itÃ¢â¬â¢s not in the area of my kidsÃ¢â¬ . Really, would that be the same mindset of the parents and students who actually were part of the school community where the event occurred? Looking at online forums on peer pressure, various responses of how the youth today is affected are expressed, particularly the girls. Heavy alcohol drinking, smoking, taking drugs and underage sexual activity are now very widespread in the youth whether or not we agree to believe it, simply because of this desire to be accepted. Conversations among them lie more on what the next person has done or not done, rather than on planning for the future. Many of them will be at parties getting drunk where it is played off as cool. Smoking and drug use are rampant as well. Even the pressure of having sex has grown over years, despite the mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s exposed risk of unwanted pregnancies or STDÃ¢â¬â¢s. Friends say it is Ã¢â¬Å"no big dealÃ¢â¬ and talk about it as if it was just sipping a cup of tea, and a requirement to be Ã¢â¬Å"normalÃ¢â¬ . So many of these issues circle the mind of a student, remain unaddressed, and cloud the studentÃ¢â¬â¢s mind from focusing on what should be the priority at the time. It is true that school facilities are important, however equally needed, is helping the students of today actually focus on using the school to create more of a future for themselves. The question remains though on how this problem can be addressed. True, it will not be an easy task, but if at all an attempt can be made to give students guidance and support during these hears of change, then at least some of them can be given the motivation to go against the grain and not succumb to the whims of peer pressure. Friends are diaries to which we can share and unburden all of our secrets and emotions into. They can be wise and a strong pillar of strength, while at the same time can be sources of wrong influence. If a school can create a positive working environment and encourage right experiences and friendships, this would be a tool to help. Family is another factor. For some who have good relationships with family, allowing interaction with them can provide the child to open up and reach out. For those whose families become unbearable, then it basically remains in letting the student have someone to talk to, chat with and trust, and ensuring such person is one who is understanding and capable of meeting the child at his level, whether it be a counselor, coach or friend. The problem does not lie on morals or lessons as these which are instilled in us in earlier youth remain there. The problem is that these very principles that we have prided ourselves in and held on to no longer empower us, as they are overshadowed by the need to Ã¢â¬Ëfit inÃ¢â¬â¢. And as this need grows, then our mind is pushed away from focusing on what matter at the time, namely, studies and improvement of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s skills for the future. I am thankful that somehow I made it through those years and continually make the effort to grow. My only hope is that children of the future can be given more support, that they may surpass these obstacles with more grace than many of my friends did, and focus earlier on working on their goals and dreams for their future. How to cite Peer Pressure, A Silent Destroyer, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theIntroduction To Informatics. Answer: Introduction Informatics basically consists of computer information systems. This system tends to make interaction between human and information. By its own conceptual and theoretical foundation helps many other foundations in the field. Many years ago this culture of information was first developed by managing information from the science library which promotes the relationship between science and information (Borghi and Karapapa, 2013). This information is very much helpful for health informatics development. Informatics is a scientific discipline which tends to investigate the structure and the properties of information which deals with science. Informatics regulates the scientific information according to its history, methodology etc. Organizational informatics is one of the most important applications of informatics. The business informatics was first developed in Germany. The business informatics consists of several techniques in computer science. The tools must act as a key factor because the tools must help to answer the questions that are asked by the organization. The benefit of using these advanced tools is that it might be actionable for sometimes. The analysis can only be successful unless and until the tools are well defined. There should be proper awareness among the stake holder as well as the board member that proper use of tools may take time. The analytical tools aim for the proper methodical balance approach (Bu?low, Ahmon and Spencer, 2011). The strategic analysis tool knows that which analytical tool is more suitable to the given objectives of the analysis. The SWOT analysis is a common strategic tool which helps to understand the strength and weaknesses that are involved in the project or business activity. The analysis helps to understand the external and internal factors of the business activity by the defining the objective of the project. The most important part of the analysis is that it helps to achieve the desired goal of the business activity. IT creates political economic and social cultural opportunities to the business organization. This analysis helps to find the current gaps so that the business organization can develop in a better way (Digitization, 2007). IT also protects us from threat which is unfavorable to the business activity. One of the important strategic analyses is Porters five forces. This analysis is developed in 1979 by Michael E. Porter. This analysis increases the competitive strength of the business organization as well as it changes the position of business organization. The porter theory is based on five forces which tend to determine the intensity of competition and attractiveness of the market (Hannah, Ball and Edwards, 2006). By the help of this analysis we can understand the current position of the organization and strength in the market. Porters forces are also used by business organization to know that the new product is profitable or not. If someon e can identify the power and where it lies then this theory an also be used to identify the strength. Identifying the strength improve the weakness of the of the business organization which led to avoid mistakes in future. The Porters five forces are Supplier power- This shows that how easy the supplier increase the price of the product. The whole market is dominated by few suppliers. There is no substitute for any product in the market. The customers for the particular product are low so that the bargaining power is also low (Lerch, 2012). The cost switching from supplier to another supplier might be higher. Buyer power- The buyer power shows how easy is for buyers to drive the price low. It is the ability of the customers how much under pressure they can put the firm to make reduce in price. The buyer power can only be high when there is many alternative in the market. This means the availability of substitute product is the main factor. Competitive rivalry- The main factor is the number of competitor in the market. Every seller is selling different type of goods which might reduce the market attractiveness. Threat of substitution- Availability of same products reduces the power of seller. On the other hand it also reduced the attractiveness of the market (Mackenzie Owen, 2007). This happens because the customer is getting many substitute products in the market. Threat of new entry- Profitable market attracts new sellers but the seller of the market does not allow them because entry of new seller might hamper their business. Entry of new members in the market might switch cost of the goods. The effect of strategic alignment in the business activity is much affective. The strategic alignment enhances the performance of the business organization. The organization will perform better when they will understand the purpose of the work (Middleton, 2005). So strategic alignment helps the business organization to run the business properly, so that they can meet their respective goals. On the other side the lack of strategic alignment may led to failure of the business organization. Often some business organization loses their track because they do not know their purpose of their business. Thus strategic alignment helps the business organization to plan their purpose in a proper way. The customer centered objectives might lack in coordination in the business organization which make the organization misaligned (Mugridge, 2006). That means the strategic goals and organization culture might lose its position from the business. A companys strategic alignment. The strategic alignment helps to increase the operation margins in the IT business. The alignment helps the employees to understand the desired goals so that they can understand their work. Once when the employees understand their task they start working according to the given direction. This make the work flow more efficient and it also creates coordination among the workers. By the help of strategic alignment smart goals are created in the IT business. The IT sectors runs on the desired goals. As in every IT company desired goals are created. The strategic alignment helps in proper execution of company strategy. The alignment helps to focus on the employees as well as on their jobs. To achieve goals in the IT business one should clearly have knowledge on the communication strategic business objectives; because the entire business is depend on the communication. Leading indicators are predictive in nature. They tend to change the communicative skills in the nature. The leading indicators predict the futu re financial trends of the business (Robinson and Bauer, 2011). On the other hand lagging indicators follows the normal way as it changes when there is change in the economic factor. Leading indicator is much preferable because it show the future indication of the financial status of the company. IF they can predict their position it will easier for the employees to do their jobs. Managing data is not a new problem in any business organization. Every business organization cannot keep the data clean because it is not possible to record single data every time. Due to data control policies these messes are created. So a proper establishment is needed for data management. The office administrator should decide whether to add sales in the data management or not. A master data base should be created if the business has multiple databases. Many times the manager gets confused which database should be uploaded. So creating a master database can solve the problem. If we create data map it will be easier to find every data because the data loads every data from input to output. Data map should be updated with regular transaction. The data management helps in data segmenting. IN IT sectors there is need of data management because in IT business there is need of immediate availability of information. The document o the company should in order as because the government at first raids on the IT companies. Managing an IT sector requires proper alignment between data management and technology requirement (Tsai, 2007). This shows the analytical business organizationshould be goal oriented and data management should support this type of business so that they can meet their desired goals. The business organization should adopt both web 2.0 and web 3.0 because these are the next step for gaining information. Web 2.0 is important because it made life easier. By the help of web 2.0 many user produce idea and gets ideas. The users of web 2.0 are no more consumers they also became producer as well as co-producer. The search engine of web 2.0 is more advanced which led to high profit to many IT business organization. Web 3.0 by the help machines intelligence combines web 1.0 and web 2.0. The main importance of web 3.0 is that it can unite users and computer to solve any problem. Due to its high added value the web 3.0 can bring service sand product to the people. Every business environment should be dynamic. But there are some reasons which restrict them in some cases. Due to change in political, social and economic factors this threats are created. Unfaultable market shift is created or changes in technology take place. It also affects the economy by disturbing the level of demands. The threats are created in capital market which led to dissatisfaction towards the companys failure. The threat may create change in structure of the labor market that may influence the trade unions and cautious can be created. Conclusion From the above case study we can conclude that the main purpose of informatics is technology which will take the developing interactions between the human and information. There is still some issue which is needed to be solved. New technologies should be developed to reduce the threats in the market (Yatsko, 2015). Computer system is nowadays is a vital part of human life. References Borghi, M. and Karapapa, S. (2013). Copyright and mass digitization. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Bulow, A., Ahmon, J. and Spencer, R. (2011). Preparing collections for digitization. London: Facet Publishing, in association with the National Archives. Digitization. (2007). [Washington]: [D.C.]. Hannah, K., Ball, M. and Edwards, M. (2006). Introduction to nursing informatics. New York: Springer. Lerch, A. (2012). An introduction to audio content analysis. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Mackenzie Owen, J. (2007). The scientific article in the age of digitization. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. Middleton, K. (2005). Collaborative digitization programs. Bradford, England: Emerald Group Pub. Mugridge, R. (2006). Managing digitization activities. Washington, D.C.: Association of Research Libraries. Robinson, P. and Bauer, S. (2011). Introduction to bio-ontologies. Boca Raton: Taylor Francis. Tsai, C. (2007). Biomacromolecules. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Liss. Yatsko, A. (2015). Insight into theoretical and applied informatics. [Place of publication not identified]: De Gruyter Open.